General Description

LevelS-1 / C-1
Discovered1957 / div.
Molecular formulaC₄H₉NO₂
Precursor 1 [M+H]⁺104.07061
Precursor 2
Precursor 3
Precursor HDX 1 [M(D₃)+D]⁺108.09571
Precursor HDX 2
Precursor HDX 3
Rt HDX1.15

MS/MS fragments

m/zMolecular formulaAnnotation

Recorded MS/MS spectra

Data104.07061γ-Aminobutyric acidSigma AldrichY. M. Forster
Data104.07061CholineA. robustusAlpha Biotoxin, BELY. M. Forster
DataHDXA. robustusAlpha Biotoxin, BELY. M. Forster


Die Giftsekrete der VogelspinnenF. G. Fischer, H. Bohn, Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie 1957, 603, 232-250div.paper chromatographyLink
An investigation of certain components of the venom of the female Sydney funnel web spider, Atrax robustus Cambr.C. M. Gilbo, N. W. Coles, Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 1964, 17, 3, 758-763A. robustuspaper chromatographyLink
Composition and properties of tarantula Dugesiella hentzi (Girard) venomF. L. Schanbacher, C. K. Lee, J. E. Hall, I. B. Wilson, D. E: Howell, D. E. G. V. Odell, Toxicon 1973, 11, 1, 21-29A. hentziLink
Analysis of the venom of the Sydney funnel-web spider, Atrax robustus using gas chromatography mass spectrometryP. H. Duffield, A. M. Duffield, P. R. Carroll, D. Morgans, Biomed. Mass. Spectrom. 1979, 6, 3, 105-108A. robustusGC-MSLink
Biochemical analysis of tarantula venom (Eurypelma californicum)A. Savel-Niemann, D. Roth, Naturwissenschaften 1989, 76, 5, 212-213A. californicumLink
Tarantula (Eurypelma californicum) venom, a multicomponent systemA. Savel-Niemann, Biol. Chem. 1989, 370, 1, 485-498A. californicumLink
The components of the venom of a spider Scodra griseipes. 1. Analysis of low molecular weight products using gas chromatography/ mass spectrometryC. Lange, C. Paris, M.-L. Celerier, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 1992, 6, 289-292S. calceatum griseipesGC-MSLink
NMR-spectroscopic screening of spider venom reveals sulfated nucleosides as major components for the brown recluse and related speciesF. C. Schroeder, A. E. Taggi, M. Gronquist, R. U. Malik, J. B. Grant, T. Eisner, J. Meinwald, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2008, 105, 14283-14287div.NMR-screeningLink

Spider species

Spider speciesFamilyDiscovered
Acanthoscurria paulensisTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Aphonopelma californicumTheraphosidae1989 / A. Savel-Niemann
Aphonopelma hentziTheraphosidae1973 / F. L. Schanbacher
Aphonopelma seemanniTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Aphonopelma sp.Theraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Atrax robustusAtracidae1964 / C. M. Gilbo
Avicularia aviculariaTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Avicularia vellutinum*Theraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Ceratogyrus marshalliTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Cyriopagopus hainanusTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Cyriopagopus schmidtiTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Dolomedes gertschiPisauridae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Dolomedes tenebrosusPisauridae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Eusparassus oculatusSparassidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Grammostola actaeonTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Grammostola anthracinaTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Grammostola pulchripesTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Heteroscodra maculataTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Holconia flindersiSparassidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Isopedella leaiSparassidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Kukulcania sp.Filistatidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Lachesana sp.Zodariidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Macrothele sp.Macrothelidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Misumena vatiaThomisidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Neosparassus dianaSparassidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Pisaura mirabilisPisauridae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Phormictopus canceridesTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Psalmopoeus cambridgeiTheraphosidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Raveniola micrura*Nemesiidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Steatoda paykullianaTheridiidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Stromatopelma calceatum griseipesTheraphosidae1992 / C. Lange
Tegenaria domesticaAgelenidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Thomisus onustusThomisidae2008 / F. C. Schroeder
Vitalius dubiusTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Vitalius roseusTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer
Vitalius vellutinusTheraphosidae1957 / F. G. Fischer